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Stamping Thin Materials

A reader contacted me recently regarding a problem he’s having with a part shaped like a pie pan and produced from very thin material. It reminded me of a column that Larry Crainich wrote back in 2000; much of that column is presented here.

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DOMDocument::loadXML(): Extra content at the end of the document in Entity, line: 53 in file http://www.autonews.com/apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=rss11&mime=xml.
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                                                                                    ","digg.com                                                                                                            ","reddit.com                                                                                                           ","delicious.com                                                                                                           ","stumbleupon.com                                                                                                           ","myspace.com                                                                                                            ","typepad.com                                                                                                            ","twitter.com                                                                                                            ",":\/\/t.co\/                                                                                                            ","kansasdealers.org                                                                                                           ","kyada.msiconnect.com                                                                                                            ","saautodealers.com                                                                                                           ","aada.com                                                                                                           ","adaaweb.com                                                                                                            ","adaeo.com                                                                                                            ","adagp.com                                                                                                            ","adai-inc.org                                                                                                            ","adamm.org                                                                                                            ","adand.com                                                                                                            ","aiada.org                                                                                                            ","austinautodealers.org                                                                                                            ","cada.ca                                                                                                            ","carsbirmingham.com                                                                                                            ","cbncda.org                                                                                                            ","ccam.qc.ca                                                                                                            ","cfada.org                                                                                                            ","charlotteautodealers.com                                                                                                            ","cmcda.org                                                                                                            ","coloradodealers.org                                                                                                            ","ctcar.org                                                                                                            ","daada.org                                                                                                            ","dada.org                                                                                                            ","datda.org                                                                                                            ","dealersalliance.org                                                                                                            ","dfwncda.com                                                                                                            ","drivechicago.com                                                                                                            ","driveokc.com                                                                                                            ","enycar.org                                                                                                            ","flada.org                                                                                                            ","gada.com                                                                                                            ","gcada.netgcada.org                                                                                                            ","glada.com                                                                                                            ","glancda.org                                                                                                            ","glvada.org                                                                                                           ","gmada.com                                                                                                            ","gnyada.com                                                                                                            ","gscada.com                                                                                                            ","hawaiidealer.com                                                                                                            ","houstoncardealers.com                                                                                                            ","iada.com                                                                                                            ","idahoada.org                                                                                                            ","illinoisdealers.com                                                                                                            ","lada.org                                                                                                            ","maada.com                                                                                                            ","mada.com                                                                                                            ","mada.org                                                                                                           ","madaonline.com                                                                                                           ","maineautodealers.com                                                                                                            ","mdaalberta.com                                                                                                            ","mdauto.org                                                                                                            ","michiganada.org                                                                                                           ","msada.org                                                                                                            ","mtada.com                                                                                                            ","nada.org                                                                                                            ","namad.org                                                                                                            ","ncada.com                                                                                                            ","ncda.com                                                                                                            ","nebraskactda.org                                                                                                            ","neoada.com                                                                                                            ","newcardealers.ca                                                                                                            ","neworleansauto.com                                                                                                            ","nfada.com                                                                                                            ","nhada.com                                                                                                            ","njcar.org                                                                         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                         ","psada.com                                                                                                            ","riadaonline.com                                                                                                            ","rochesterautodealers.org                                                                                                            ","sdautodealer.com                                                                                                            ","sfada.netsmcda.org                                                                                                            ","spokanenewcardealers.com                                                                                                            ","stlautos.com                                                                                                            ","svautodealers.com                                                                                                            ","syracuseautodealers.org                                                                                                            ","taaonline.biz                                                                                                            ","tada.ca                                                                                                            ","tada.org                                                                                                            ","uada.com                                                                                                            ","vada.com                                                                                                            ","vada.com                                                                                                            ","vermontada.org                                                                                     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transform="translate(-225.19 -251.29)"/></g></svg></a>
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          <div class="title h2">
            <span><%= content.paywall_header %></span>
          </div>
          <div class="description">
            <%= content.paywall_description %>
          </div>

          <% if (!is_logged_in) { %>
            <a class="button register" href="<%= content.paywall_register_link %>">
              <%= content.paywall_register_text %>
            </a>
          <% } %>

          <a class="button subscriber" href="<%= content.paywall_subscribe_link %>">
            <%= content.paywall_subscribe_text %>
          </a>
        </div>

        <footer class="porte-modal-footer region-content">
          <% if(!is_logged_in) { %>
            <p>
              <%= content.paywall_login_message %>
              <a href="<%= login_link %>">LOG IN &gt;</a></p>
            <p><a href="/">GO BACK TO HOMEPAGE &gt;</a></p>
          <% } else { %>
            <p><a class="button subscriber" href="<%= content.paywall_subscribe_link %>">
              <%= content.paywall_subscribe_text %>
            </a></p>
            <p><a href="/">GO BACK TO HOMEPAGE &gt;</a></p>
          <% } %>
        </footer>

      </div>
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  </script>
<script type="text/template" data-template="pw-srr">

    <%
      var login_link = clickshareURL + '/logout.do?CSResumeURL=/clickshare/forceLogin.do?CSAuthReq=1&CSTargetURL='+ encodeURIComponent(location.href);
    %>

    <div class="porte-modal-porte">
      <div class="porte-modal-obstruct partial"></div>
      <div class="porte-modal-container layout-content">
        <div class="porte-modal-content region-content">

          <div class="crain-logo-block-main-wrapper">
    <div class="crain-logo-block">
      <a class = "omnitrack" data-omnilink = "home-logo" data-omnilocation =  href="https://www.autonews.com/"><svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" viewBox="0 0 367.95 37.6"><defs><style>.cls-1{fill:#003768;}</style></defs><title>AN-LOGO-BLUE</title><g id="AN_Logo" data-name="AN Logo"><path class="cls-1" 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transform="translate(-225.19 -251.29)"/></g></svg></a>
    </div>
    
</div>


          <div class="title h2">
            <span><%= content.paywall_header %></span>
          </div>
          <div class="description">
            <%= content.paywall_description %>
          </div>

          <% if (!is_logged_in) { %>
            <a class="button register" href="<%= content.paywall_register_link %>">
              <%= content.paywall_register_text %>
            </a>
          <% } %>

          <a class="button subscriber" href="<%= content.paywall_subscribe_link %>">
            <%= content.paywall_subscribe_text %>
          </a>
        </div>

        <footer class="porte-modal-footer region-content">
          <% if(!is_logged_in) { %>
            <p>
              <%= content.paywall_login_message %>
              <a href="<%= login_link %>">LOG IN &gt;</a></p>
            <p><a href="/">GO BACK TO HOMEPAGE &gt;</a></p>
          <% } else { %>
            <p><a class="button subscriber" href="<%= content.paywall_subscribe_link %>">
              <%= content.paywall_subscribe_text %>
            </a></p>
            <p><a href="/">GO BACK TO HOMEPAGE &gt;</a></p>
          <% } %>
        </footer>

      </div>
    </div>

  </script>
<script type="text/template" data-template="pw-exl">

    <%
      var login_link = clickshareURL + '/logout.do?CSResumeURL=/clickshare/forceLogin.do?CSAuthReq=1&CSTargetURL='+ encodeURIComponent(location.href);
    %>

    <div class="porte-modal-porte">
      <div class="porte-modal-obstruct barricade"></div>
      <div class="porte-modal-container layout-content">
        <div class="porte-modal-content region-content">

          <div class="crain-logo-block-main-wrapper">
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